Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Chronicles of Quality Writing Paper

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Friday, May 15, 2020

Antimicrobial Resistance and its Implications in Medicine - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1114 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2018/12/18 Category Medicine Essay Type Research paper Level High school Did you like this example? Introduction The capability of a virus to fight the outcomes of treatment beforehand used to medicate them is known as Antimicrobial resistance (ARM). Viruses that are strong can be difficult to treat hence requiring substitute advanced doses which may be exclusive and poisonous. Bacteria that are resilient to a variety of antimicrobials can be referred to as multidrug resistant (MDR). Nevertheless microbes that are resilient to antibiotics come before medical use by humans. However, the use of the evolutionary pressure has led to resilient of more viruses due to a widespread use of antibiotic. Moreover, there are various reasons for the extensive use of antibiotics in human medication and some of these are; growth world accessibility over time since 1950s, misuse of antibiotics when not prescribed due to their accessibility in the counters. Additionally, selective pressures have also led to antimicrobial resistance whereby, existence of bacteria are killed or survive that is if they contain resilient genes. The survival of these bacteria hence reproduce and their offspring occurs as the leading kind all over the infectious population. On the other hand, mutation is also another cause of antimicrobial resistance where by bacteria duplicate by dividing after few hours. Moreover, this creates space to progress quickly and adjust to new ecological surroundings. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Antimicrobial Resistance and its Implications in Medicine" essay for you Create order Furthermore, modification ascend during resistance and some of the alterations can be of help in the survival of a single bacteria after its disclosure to antimicrobial. Transfer of genes also happens to another cause of antimicrobial resistance. Bacteria can acquire genes from each other and some of the genes acquired may be drug resilient. Pressures from the public is also another leading cause of antimicrobial resistance whereby even when used appropriately, some of the viruses become selective and resist organisms. Misuse of antimicrobials is also another cause of their resistance. A variety of microorganisms are resilient to antimicrobials due to their increased and inappropriate usage. Some pharmacists prescribe antimicrobials wrongly for the sake of satisfying the patients. Insufficient diagnostics whereby most health care workers provide in appropriate prescriptions on the use of antimicrobials on an infection giving it a trial on whether it will work. Hospital usage being a cause of antimicrobials resistance we find that most patients vulnerable to infections and hence may require antimicrobials. However, extensive use of these antimicrobials on the patients may result to some bacteria being resistant to these antimicrobials by creating a productive atmosphere for the spread antimicrobial resilient bacteria. Lastly is the use of agricultural whereby it is believed that use of antibiotics on agriculture may result to drug resilient as most of these antibiotics are produced in U.S meant for agricultural purposes. Additionally, around the 1990s the difficulty of antimicrobial resistance was not serious matter towards the management of communicable diseases. However, microorganisms were becoming resilient to guarantee their existence against antimicrobial. Moreover, these microorganisms achieved this centered on the chemical structure according to the mechanism of the agent in that boosted the antimicrobial. Therefore the lanes withdrawn by the drug affect the resistance mechanism and some organisms can look for other means to ensure their survival. Moreover, antimicrobial resistance can be defined in two means. The first one is natural whereby the bacteria obviously are not affected by the drugs due to their inability to retain target sites due to the difference in the chemical and microbial structures. This mostly targets the bacteria entering the chambers in order to tamper with their accomplishment. The second one is the obtained resistance where obviously vulnerable germs gather ways of escaping infections. However, acquired resistance mechanisms can develop through methods such as; existence of an enzyme that disables the antimicrobial cause, occurrence of a substitute enzyme for the enzyme that is hindered by the antimicrobial cause, formerly unknown mechanisms and condensed acceptance of the antimicrobial agent. Moreover there are more mechanisms such as the resilient to lactam antibiotics. These are categorized by the ownership of a lactam ring and comprise of carbapenems, oxapenams, cephmycins, penicillins and cephalosporins. Penicillins are the mostly used antibiotics in emerging countries since they are cheap and available. The lactam ring is essential in the movement of antibiotics hence leading to the closure of a variety of transpeptidases that catalyze the ending connection responses of peptidoglycan. The capability to reach the Penicillin-binding protein (PBP) and t heir capability to muddle to the PBPs affects the effectiveness of the antibiotics. In many cases, resilient lactam in most microbes is caused by the hydrolysis of the antibiotic by the modification of the PBPs. On the other hand, there is the tetracycline resistance. This type of antimicrobial is applicable in human as well as veterinary medication. These are available in emerging countries due to their low costs and reduced toxicity general range of action. Tetracyclines hinder protein production by stopping the connection of amino acyl-t RNA to the ribosomal acceptor location. Moreover the resistance of tetracyclines arise in three mechanisms namely, efflux of the antibiotics, alteration of the antibiotic and Ribosome defense. Efflux process takes place via the transfer of protein from the major facilitator superfamily (MFS). On the other hand, Ribosome defense follows via the r proteins protection that safeguards the ribosomes from the activity of tetracyclines. Finally, alteration of the antibiotic takes place over the alteration of the enzymes contained in the drug. Conversely, according to the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (NNIS), the average growth rate of resistance for antimicrobial in U.S.A between the years 1997-2002 was 8 percent lower than the 15 percent number of china. The NNIS further stated that the resistance of antimicrobial is higher amongst those patients in the ICU than the non-impatient in the ICU. However, when compared to China, U.S displays a more reasonable variance in resistance occurrence amongst unlike patients. Moreover, in U.s, the average occurrence of resilience in ICU, inpatient as well as casualties are 20, 17 and 13 percent correspondingly. Conclusion Antimicrobial resilient is an emerging and serious problem amongst many countries in the world. Therefore, future research on the determinants of drug opposing outlines and their international merging should be put in place. However, the movement of people across the world lead to transmission of diseases and some of these infections become resistant to antimicrobials. Farmers should also void using antibiotics on their farms. This is because, in U.S antibiotics are mostly used for the purposes of promotion and growth. Resistance virus have been identified to also have been obtained from the chicken meat in the groceries and finally people obtain them after feeding on the meat. Therefore antibiotics should not be used on the farm products. On the other hand, antibiotic stewardship should be practiced to curb the problem of antimicrobial resistance.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cathedral, a Story Review Essay - 527 Words

Have you ever closed your eyes and envisioned a world of nothing? Have you ever stopped and pondered what it would be like to have never seen the sunrise, fireworks or even your own face? For many, the answer is yes, but for even more the answer is no. People seldom take the time to understand and appreciate the uniqueness that each of us possesses. For this reason, people are often uneducated about those individuals who live with various disabilities on a daily basis. Society has become so accustomed to turning a cold shoulder to those members who are less fortunate by no fault of their own and now this cruel behavior of discrimination is somewhat the norm in the world today. In the short story, Cathedral, by Raymond Carver, a man named†¦show more content†¦Bub is extremely apprehensive about Robert being in his house. Bub is not only uneasy about the man because he is a stranger but more so that he is blind. Bubs wife had read for Robert ten years prior to the visit and the two had kept in touch by sending videos to each other. Bubs wife, however, does not share in his discrimination of blind people. She felt that working for Robert was something extraordinarily meaningful that had happened in her life. Although Robert has just lost his wife, this is no excuse for Bub to show any courtesy to the man; after all he is a stranger. He even jokes with his wife about taking the man bowling. Bub finds it hard to believe that a woman, Beulah, Roberts wife, would want to marry a blind man. Bub is convinced that Beulah must have had a calamitous life with the blind man. Bub is so exhausted with the fact that Robert never knew what his wifes face looked like and cannot understand why the blind man rubbed her face. When Robert arrives at the home, Bub is nervous about the conversation topics he wants to bring up. He is unsure what to talk about with the blind man because he perceives him as unequal from everyone else. Bub does not understand that he can talk to Robert just as he would his wife. Bub describes Robert in full detail almost as if he were expecting blind people to be wearing special clothing. He makes special reference toShow MoreRelated`` Cathedral `` By Raymond Carver992 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"Cathedral† is a short story that was written by Raymond Carver in 1981. Raymond Carver is most well known for his short stories and is even an writer credited with reviving the then dying form of literature. A part of a collection of short stories, â€Å"Cathedral† was the last to be published and was included in 1982’s Best American Short Stories. â€Å"Cathedral is different from the other works of Carver due to the humanistic realism that is given to his chara cters, which had not been seen before in hisRead MoreThe Lives and Works of Raymond Carver1692 Words   |  7 PagesWith a unique and brilliant style of writing, Raymond Carver has left a lasting and outstanding impact on the history of short stories. Even though Raymond Carver left a long impact, his life was of the opposite. Like Raymond Carver’s famous award winning stories, his life was short. Raymond Carver was born on May 25th, 1938 in Clatskanie, Oregon, a mill town on the Columbia River. Carver grew up in Yakima, Washington. Carver had three members to his small family, his mother, his father, and brotherRead MoreStereotyping And Friendship Appear To Be Completely Distinct1588 Words   |  7 Pagescompletely distinct topics, however, they both tie in with the characters, and morals from â€Å"Cathedral† and ‘Everything That Rises Must Converge†. Stereotyping is highly seen in the short story â€Å"Everything That Rises Must Converge† by Fl annery O’Connor. The characters in this story are very opinionated about their opposite race as they all live in a time in which segregation is frequently seen. In â€Å"Cathedral† by Raymond Carver, stereotyping, is slightly shown as one of the characters (the husband)Read MoreSymbolism in the Gothic Art Movement Essay1747 Words   |  7 Pages One of the greatest architectural landmarks known to Gothic art referred to as the Chartres Cathedral along some of the most exquisite sculptural painted pieces in the world showed clearly the beauty and symbolism the Gothic Age had to offer the rest of the world. Theologians and Historians pioneered two major approaches to the study of gothic art and architecture, the first being that Cathedrals were seen as products of progressive technology and functional engineering. The second approachRead MoreCathedral Shiloh Essay example1293 Words   |  6 PagesCathedral Shiloh Analysing friction stories can lead to many conclusion by how the reader is taking thoughts from it. In this class, we have read many stories that have focused on many thoughts. We had stories that were focused on womens thinking, their speech and how they deal with their beloved ones. We also had stories giving details on wars, love, religion, and one of the most common topic - gender. The two stories being discussed in here are Shiloh by Mason and CathedralRead MoreFlannery OConnors A Good Man Is Hard to Find and Raymond Carvers The Cathedral1671 Words   |  7 PagesFlannery O’Connor and Raymond Carver wrote the short stories, â€Å"A Good Man is Hard to Find† and â€Å"The Cathedral,† which both showcase personas of conflictedness in two different time frames. Although one can draw many interpretations from these two stories, written in 1953 and 1983, respectively, one might refute many impracticalities associated with the nostalgic state of many of these characters, who possess characteristics that would be considered archaic and imbecilic. Racists and discriminatoryRead MoreBrunelleschis Dome Essay733 Words   |  3 PagesBook Review Summary: The book that I read was Brunelleschis Dome by Ross King. This book summarized the story of how Filippo Brunelleschi was a genius in architecture during the Renaissance and the mastermind behind creation and completion of the dome in the Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral. Brunelleschi started out his skilled life as a goldsmith in San Giovanni. A career as a goldsmith was very popular at the time by other great artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Donatello. Being a goldsmithRead MoreNotre Dame de Paris3794 Words   |  16 PagesAbstract Notre-Dame of Paris is one of the most prominent cathedrals in the land of Paris and portrays many diversified Gothic characteristics. This research essay will explore the cathedral in detail while emphasizing on the influence of Gothic architecture on the cathedral. Notre-Dame of Paris bears all the structural features of a Gothic cathedral including the famous rose window. By far, the Gothic style has influenced the entire design of Notre-Dame of Pairs. If there were other influencesRead MoreStereotypes in Raymond Carvers Cathedral Essay1335 Words   |  6 Pagesway or another and uses them in social interactions. These generalizations, both positive and negative, about a characteristic(s) of a group (â€Å"Stereotypes) have existed throughout modern and historical societies. The husband in Raymond Carver’s â€Å"Cathedral† interacts with Robert based off of stereotypes formed from social norms and media portrayals of disabled persons. He treats Robert in a negative manner at first relying on those prejudices, but as he comes to know Robert, he re-develops his stereotypesRead MoreEssay about Michelangelos Statue of David1114 Words   |  5 PagesGoliath. David, a young boy at the time, was angered at the way Goliath was treating the Israelis and stood up to the giant feat of taking on Goliath. With a simple slingshot and stone, he defeated the angry giant, and became a symbol of liberty. The story shows that anything can be done with the help of God. David is not only the most well-known sculpture in the world, but is housed in one of the most visited galleries in the world, the Galleria dell’Accademia. The David did not always stand high above

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Analysis Of Strategic Marketing Theories †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Analysis Of Strategic Marketing Theories. Answer: Overview From the study it is seen that the aim of the study is to teach the students the strategic marketing theories. From the study material, it is seen that the students were taught about the theories of market analysis which were introduced by Porter, in the year of 1979, who stated that the essence of the strategy formulation which is coping with competition, and he then he introduced his famous model of five forces. It is seen that a journal related tostrategic marketing was first came in market in the year of 1980 that popularized the idea of strategic thinking in business organizations (Line and Runyan 2014). In the year of 1979 Porter established the fact that essence of strategy formulation is slowly coping with the market competition and he presented his model of five forces. On the other hand, Anderson introduced another paper that had a strong link between strategy and marketing (Foxall 2014). In his journal, Anderson stressed on a fact that strategic preparation needs a clear o bjective that will guide the functional area of policies and the day to day activities to position itself for future survival (West, Ford and Ibrahim 2015). To make sure that the marketers select and carry out the right activities, they should give priority to the strategic planning with a two level plan, one is strategic and another one is tactical. The strategic marketing plan actually lays out the target markets and the organizations value proposition that is based on the analysis of the most excellent market opportunities. Tactical market planning states the basic tactics of marketing that includes the features of the products, merchandising, sales channels, pricing, promotional works and many other services (Hollensen 2015). The distinction between these two shows the resonance with the appropriate definition of the strategic marketing planning. The planning process that yields the decisions and how a business organization can compete in the market the organization wants to operate. The strategic market decisions are generally based on the assessments of the products of market and pertain to the basis of the advantage in the market (West, Ford and Ibrahim 2015). The planning that is the basic output of the process serves as a blueprint for the developmental activities of the skills and the aspect of resources of a business organization, and also specifies the results expected. In many business organizations these activities are referred to as strategic business planning (Wilson and Gilligan 2012). Strategic plans In this section three different plans are discussed that produces the definition of strategic marketing and what is all about planning at the business organizations for commercial success (Line and Runyan 2014). Hierarchy of plans This plan sheds light on the fact that at the corporate level and resulting in markets being responsible to drive the growth for future success of the organization in line with the top level aims. Primarily this growth or success needs to have a specific focus on the clients, not the products as stated in the concept of marketing (Wilson and Gilligan 2012). Resource based view The alternative view to this plan was introduced by Wernerfelt in a journal that primarily focused on the resources of the business organizations those needs to have those resources to imply any strategies that it may desire and the lack of resources becomes an obstacle to enter the participation in the market (Wilson and Gilligan 2012). Strategic branding This plan shows how the branding decisions are made in respect to the marketing and strategic orientation and sheds light on the resource view by stating that it would be possible to look at the brand as a resource and a hub of strategy for the organizations. The concept of brand orientation is the latest approach to brands those focuses on the brands as the main resources and strategic hubs. Particularly, Brand orientation is an approach in which the organizations revolve around the creation, protection of brand identity and development in an ongoing interaction with the target clients with a goal of achieving lasting competitive advantages in form of brands (West, Ford and Ibrahim 2015). Finally it can be said that, as the global wealth and the growth of the brands over commodities are rising, the marketers and the commoners are looking at the rise of demand for the luxurious brands as a form of status symbol in many nations, and the strategic marketing is becoming necessary day by day. References Wilson, R.M. and Gilligan, C., 2012.Strategic marketing management. Routledge. West, D.C., Ford, J. and Ibrahim, E., 2015.Strategic marketing: creating competitive advantage. Oxford University Press, USA. Hollensen, S., 2015.Marketing management: A relationship approach. Pearson Education. Foxall, G., 2014.Strategic Marketing Management (RLE Marketing)(Vol. 3). Routledge. Line, N.D. and Runyan, R.C., 2014. Destination marketing and the service-dominant logic: A resource-based operationalization of strategic marketing assets.Tourism Management,43, pp.91-102.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Problem Background Of Pulau Pinang Tourism Essay Essay Example

Problem Background Of Pulau Pinang Tourism Essay Essay Pulau Pinang or Penang is one of the unique and attractive topographic points in Malaysia with its many civilizations which make Penang one of tourer s favourite topographic points and tourers attractive forces. Basically, Penang is celebrated for their nutrient, faiths, civilizations and touristry site. Harmonizing to the UNESCO Worlds Heritage Site of Georgetown says that there are many faiths, civilizations and nutrients in Penang, therefore they can intermix it good together to do Penang one of the well known provinces in Malaysia [ 1 ] . There is press statement by YB Danny Law Heng Kiang the Penang State Exco for Tourism Development and Culture said that Penang is ranked in the 3rd topographic point under Kuala Lumpur, and Genting Highland ( Pahang ) for their touristry finish in Malaysia [ 1 ] . At first, Malacca is on top of Penang as touristry finish because they receive about 8.9 million tourer reaching in the twelvemonth 2009. Unfortunately, that statement by Datuk Seri Dr. Ng Yen Yen may be a error because as we can see from the tabular array 2, Penang has more tourers reaching comparison to Malacca [ 1 ] . We will write a custom essay sample on Problem Background Of Pulau Pinang Tourism Essay specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Problem Background Of Pulau Pinang Tourism Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Problem Background Of Pulau Pinang Tourism Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Harmonizing Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, Penang is an island with an country of 108 sq mi/280 sq kilometer and it is known as one of the busiest ports in the yesteryear and it is located in the passs of Malacca, on the North-West Coast of Malaysia. Penang is really celebrated for their beautiful beaches and islands, nutrients, cultural, faiths and many more [ 2 ] . During 16th century, Lusitanian merchandisers Penang was travel from Goa ( India ) to Far East hunt for spices, fresh H2O so they stopped in Penang. In 1786, Penang was really popular among the plagiarists because they steal ships that cross along Straits of Malacca. At one point, Penang became popular in eighteenth century and at the same clip, Captain Francis Light enter to Penang and get down to hold good relationship with the locals and besides the Sultan of Kedah in 1771. Unfortunately, at that minute itself Sultan of Kedah handed Penang to Captain Francis Light in order to acquire protection against the menaces of Burmese and Siamese. After that, they called Penang as Prince of Wales Island and after the colony ; Sultan Abdullah found out that he is being cheated by the British by non willing to offer protection therefore he gathered his ground forces to recapture Penang. Lastly, after extended old ages of fighting between the locals and the British, Malaysia achieves indepen dency in 31st August 1957 and Penang is one of the 13 provinces. Penang now is known as Pulau Pinang [ 3 ] . Listen Read phonetically What is the Culture in Penang? The civilizations in Penang are really alone and most of the tourers interested to cognize more about Penang s civilization. In 2008, the population is Penang about 2 million on the island and 1 million is in Seberai Prai which consists of 42 % Chinese, 41 % Malay, 10 % for Indian and besides 5 % for the Peranakan or Baba Nyonya. Baba Nyonya s civilization in Penang is different from Malacca. Baba Nyonya s in Malacca can talk fluid Malay whereby in Penang, the Baba Nyonya s speaks mixture of Hokkien, Malay and English and most of the Baba Nyonya s in Penang still pattern their Chinese faith and hereditary worshipping [ 4 ] . Basically, linguistic communication that being spoken in Penang is Malay linguistic communication whereby English and the Chinese ( Hokkien ) besides being spoken widely in Penang. And in conclusion the Tamil linguistic communication is being spoken by the Tamils among their community. Next is the faith in Penang which most of the people believes such as Buddhist, Islam, Hindu, Christian, and many more. Basically, Buddhism is one of the chief faiths in Penang whereby Islam still the official faith of the province. As you can see that Penang s civilization is a mixture of Malay, Chinese Indian and it is really interesting for tourer s attractive forces [ 4 ] . Furthermore, Penang is celebrated for their nutrient and this is one of the Penang s civilizations. The nutrient in Penang can easy acquire about everyplace and anytime in Penang. Harmonizing the clip magazine in 2004, Penang has been the best street nutrient in Asia. Penang is the lone topographic point to happen such a fantastic, tasty and nice nutrient and besides it is so inexpensive compared to Kuala Lumpur and sometimes people called Penang is the nutrient Eden to eat. The nutrient in Penang is an mixture of Chinese, Nyonya, Malay, India, Thai culinary art. There in Penang besides celebrated for the peddlers nutrient which they sell and served by the route side [ 4 ] . Besides that, one of the ground why Penang famous is because they have assorted of events and festivals that they celebrates such as Penang International Dragon Boat Festival, Chin-gay, Pesta Pulau Pinang, Hari Raya Aidilfitri, Thaipusam, Chinese New Year, Hungry Ghost Festival and many more. These festivals would pull many tourers from all over the universe to come and see throughout the festivals. Furthermore, it would be nice if tourers from Malaysia or outside Malaysia to give support and celebrates together in these interesting events. The international firedrake boat festival normally held around June and July during the school vacations. Chingay is one of the celebrated cultural events in penang because it is being celebrated because of the birthday of Kuan Yin or the Goodness of Mercy. Normally, this event is being celebrated every twelvemonth and attracts tourers as far from United States, Japan, South Africa and besides Netherlands. Chingay festival is a parade which squads of people will demo their accomplishments at equilibrating 40 foot bamboo range poles on their organic structure such as caputs, shoulder, custodies, and articulatio genuss. And in conclusion, Pesta Pulau Pinang is one of the cultural events that being celebrated by all races in Penang. Pesta Pulau Pinang is a carnival that being celebrated in December and it ever be lively, go oning and colourful carnival every twelvemonth. There would hold a tonss of activity includes unfastened air concerts, assortment shows, nutrient bazars, merriment carnivals, pet shows, exhibitions, games and many more [ 5 ] . What is an event? Basically events is about to hold a peculiar map or to inform our guest that when some exciting things is traveling to go on and traveling to observe. For illustration, book launches nuptialss, concerts, carnivals and many more. It is more like a readyings for that peculiar maps to do it runs swimmingly and attractively. It starts from the PA systems, music, VIP suites, nutrients, ruddy rug, invitees and many more [ 6 ] . Cultural events that being celebrated by in Penang Penang is celebrated for their civilizations, ethnicities, nutrients and festivals. Penang s has so many events and festivals that being celebrated throughout the twelvemonth. Hence, the full tourer from every parts of the universe celebrates together with colourful occurrences events in Penang. There are few festivals that being celebrated by all races in Penang such As Chinese New Year, International Dragon Boat Festival, Penang Beach Carnival, Penang Cultural Festival, Malaysia Festival and Pesta Pulau Festivals. The intent all these festivals are held because is to garner everyone and celebrates the harmonious and alone multi civilization in Penang. Many activities are held on the festival s illustration manner parades, inter-hotel competition, public presentation, sell handcrafts, and many more [ 7 ] . 1.2 The Problem Statement The intent of me taking this subject is because as we can see Penang is developing to one of the taking touristry provinces. Cultural and events touristry is a merchandise which is hard to be tested foremost earlier usage, so by holding the cultural events in Penang can besides gives Penang acknowledgment as a universe heritage site and will be portraying the cultural diverseness of Penang. On top of that, by holding cultural events and festivals in Penang can analyse the figure of tourers inbounds to Penang. Besides that, tourers can come over and seek to see and distribute the intelligence to everyone out at that place about the cultural events that being celebrated by all races in Penang. There are few popular cultural events that being celebrated such as Thaipusam, Chap Goh Meh, St. Anne s festival, hungry shade festival and many more. Basically, Penang is celebrated for their cultural diverseness where they preserve their ain traditions and executing humanistic disciplines. On t op of that, Penang has ain tradition of street civilization, jubilations, festivals, and cultural groups and it will be the most unforgettable minutes for the tourers who come and experience the festivals. Last, the Visit Calendar 2010 has their programs to do Penang as the active touristry sector. Research Objectives/ Aims The aim of this proposal is: To analyse the figure of tourers inbounds to Penang during the cultural events jubilation. To unify all people together to observe cultural events in Penang to back up the motto Satu Malaysia . To look into the figure of tourers that visit Penang harmonizing their nationalities. To find the most favourable cultural events to the least popular and why? To analyze the gross or loses generated by tourers as to the cost incurred by the province authorities to these events. By roll uping these consequences, we can find whether to prolong, continue or to advance cultural events or festivals for the coming old ages. Research Questions What are the figure of tourers inbound to Penang in the 2009? Should Ministry of Tourism Malaysia promote more cultural events jubilations in order to give Penang acknowledgment as a universe heritage site? Should we continue, promote and prolong our cultural events in Penang in order to draw more tourers from all over the universe? What the pull factors are for tourers to visits Penang every twelvemonth? Hypothesis Statement Hypothesis statement for this subject would be that Penang s civilization has a alone property that brings people together by holding cultural events and festivals throughout the twelvemonth. To tout those cultural events and festivals requires fiscal capital, rational capital, cultural capital and besides societal capital to run the events [ 8 ] . The being of cultural events makes people understand other people s civilization better so that they can understand one and another every bit good as back uping our Malaya s slogan which is Satu Malaysia . Harmonizing to Datuk Lim Guan Eng, the Chief Minister of Penang says that they have to give 100 % committedness to protect, continue, sustain and advance the cultural events in Penang so that it can convey the people together and unify the civilization and observe it jointly. These would reflect the multiracial people and good continue civilization and heritage which is being listed in UNESCO World Cultural and Heritage Site recently [ 9 ] . In the past 6 old ages, there were 12 states affected by Tsunami catastrophe on 26th September 2004 and one of the states is Malaysia. There were two provinces in Malaysia was affected by Tsunami which is Penang and Kedah. Both these countries lost everything during the tsunami catastrophes. At that clip, most of the people or tourers are in fright for going to other states. Most of the fisherman s small town in Kedah is destroyed by the tsunami. On top of that, Penang s touristry somewhat decline due to this unwanted catastrophe. The Government, Corporate, NGO s, and besides persons contribute 1000000s of dollars to assist the victim s adjustment, medical and many more [ 9 ] . Furthermore, there was a alteration in political relations, economic system and society due to the tsunami catastrophe. Penang s economic system somewhat decline because lacking of tourers from outside and inside the state. Tourists afraid to come and visits Penang therefore non much activity or jubilations ca n we held during that peculiar period of timer [ 9 ] . As we know that the mass media plays of import functions in advancing any advertizement does nt count in the web site or in the day-to-day newspaper. By advancing and publicize something in the web site or newspaper, wireless, telecasting and so forth may increase the figure of tourers who come to Penang. This is one of the schemes to draw tourers to come to Penang after the Tsunami s calamity. There are some advertizements that may force tourers out of their province or state to come to Penang by holding Cheap Air Flight to Penang inclusive Hotel Rooms. For illustration, in figure 1.0 and figure 1.1 show that Air Asia offer or promotes inexpensive flight tickets inclusive a room for the tourers every bit below as Rm1.00 [ 10 ] . Tourists can take to wing either Penang, Kuching, Kuala Lumpur, and Johor Bahru. The travelling period for the tourers is at any clip in July 1st 2011 to November tenth 2011. This is because we want more tourers to come to Penang for holiday and besides at t he same clip we can advance different cultural events and festivals that are being observing every month [ 10 ] . Furthermore, Penang State Tourism is advancing their province as by the run goes Visit Penang 2010-1012 . So there are many sorts of activities and events is held for illustration Esplanade in Action- an Evening of Cultural Performance, Penang Sakura Blossom, Chinese New Year cruise-Lili Marleen and many more. Besides that, the nutrient is one of the attractive forces besides cultural events in Penang for illustration, Thai Food Fiesta 2010, Penang Durian and Fruits Festivals, Pesta Pulau Pinang and many more. Harmonizing to Natalie Lee, one of the pupils from University New South Wales stated that Facebook is one of the top turning societal networking in the universe nowadays which has more than 140 million users in the whole universe. It allows us to happen and pass on with our friends and portion exposures, advancing touristry sites and many more. Penang promotes their touristry sites through Facebook, websites, web logs and many more to draw tourers from every parts of the universe. They can portion exposures, promote hotel suites, flight tickets to Penang, and update latest events in penang and advance it to all their household members, friends and many more. It is one of the best ways to advance Penang to foreigners [ 11 ] . . Theoretical/ Conceptual Framework Theoretical model As what I have showed the conceptual model below shows that the research is focus more on the cultural events that being celebrated by all races in Penang. It will be scoped into structural support and cultural infrastructure/ infinites for the cultural events. Following under structural support diagram it will be divided into few points such as managing publicities, fining, licensing, printing and distribution of circulars. Besides that, for the cultural substructure / infinites will be divided into two chief points which is cultural hub and besides communities. At the top portion of the model shows that some of the events and festivals that is being celebrated by all races in Penang. Cultural festivals that being celebrated in Penang is Pesta Pulau Pinang, Hungry Ghost Festival, Chingay, Bon Odori and many more. The intent of observing these festivals is because to prolong and advance the cultural events in Penang therefore promote it to tourers from every parts of the universe. For the 2nd stage of the model, is the cultural substructure and infinites which can be divided into two parts which is cultural hub and communities. Harmonizing to S.B.Tan, Professor School Of Art, University Sains Malaysia says that the cultural hub, is fundamentally where the public presentations or festivals is traveling to carried out, for illustration museums, eating houses, and many more. Whereby, for the communities are fundamentally about where the festivals or events should should be placed in countries where most of the people live, for illustration metropolis in Georgetown or Balik Pulau. It would be much easier for the people in Penang to go to those peculiar topographic points to observe the events [ 12 ] . Traveling on, on the 3rd stage is the structural support for illustration handling publicity, fining, licensing, distribution circulars and printing. Conceptual model Cultural Events Tourism For Penang Events and festivals Pesta Pulau Pinang Bon Odori Chingay Hungry Ghost Festival Cultural infrastructure/ infinites Communities It should be placed in countries where the people lives Eg: metropolis of Georgetown or Balik Pulau. Cultural Hub where the performances/ festivals, events is traveling to carried out eg: museums, eating houses, and many more Structural support Printing and distribution of circulars Licensing Ticketing Managing publicity Figure 1.2 Scope and Restrictions The range for this survey is chiefly based on the Tourism Industry in Penang that is quickly turning in this twenty-first century. The importance of this sector to the Malaysia s economic system is to draw more tourers to come and visits Penang through the 3 old ages run of the province authorities by advancing their VisitPenang 2010- 2012 [ 13 ] . Harmonizing to hotel statistics, in 2008 [ 14 ] , Penang received 6.3 million tourer inbounds excepting the sightseer who arrive on sail or live with their household and friends. The figure is higher than old twelvemonth which is 5.1 million. Penang State Government s has a mission to aim 10 million tourers in 2014 which is 4 old ages from now. Penang s most profitable income earner comes from touristry sector after fabrication. Harmonizing to Ministry of Tourism, Malaysia, the figure of local and international tourers reachings in Penang in 2005 is 48 % international tourers whereby for the locals is 52 % which comes up 4, 351,909 toure rs overall. Every twelvemonth, the figure somewhat increased does nt count it is international tourers nor local people. Unfortunately, in 2009 the figure of tourers declined aggressively which is from 6,307,468 in 2008 but unluckily in 2009, the figure has dropped to 1,347,356 overall sums. Penang this is because Penang focuses more on developing medical touristry and eco-tourism in this few old ages [ 13 ] . This survey will look at the statistics rate or the figure of tourers come and visits Penang to celebrates and see the cultural events and festivals therefore nutrient every bit good. There were restriction beginnings to happen for this subject. To happen for informations and information s, research worker utilizing Google Scholar with diaries, articles, Pdftop.com, Kdu Library and on-line book. Some of the diaries and articles need to be purchased or log in as a member in order to read the articles and diaries. A A A 1.8 Significance of the survey Significance of analyzing this subject is to analyse the figure of tourers inbounds in Penang during the cultural events jubilations whether it gives impacts towards Penang s economic system or local environment. Besides that, it is of import for us to cognize what is Penang s mission and mark for the touristry sector. Currently, Penang is being ranked at no.4 in foreign and domestic tourers reachings in Malaysia after Kuala Lumpur, Pahang and Sabah. YB Danny Law Heng Kiang, Chairman for the State Tourism Development Culture, Arts, and Heritage says that he truly hopes one twenty-four hours Penang would be No.1 or No.2 in foreign and house servants tourist s reachings in Malaysia. Harmonizing to statistics, the figure of hotel invitees is increasing quickly from 68.8 million in 2008 compared to 61.6 in 2007 particularly during the cultural events and festivals that being celebrated every month. It shows that the graph for touristry sector will increase every twelvemonth [ 15 ] . A Chapter 2 2.1 Literature Review Definition of cultural events Events are something that happens at a given topographic point. An event is one of the top turning touristry industries and besides most electrifying and yet it is connected to leisure. One of the ground why so many states keeps on advancing their events so that they can draw more tourers from every parts of the universe to come and visits their state. Basically, an event is more to carry tourers to come or take part during their events and besides can makes them remain longer in that peculiar country. Harmonizing to Getz, events are one of the of import functions in touristry industry because it can pull more tourers therefore to make full up their free during their visits to that peculiar state ( 1991 ) . Most of the tourers expects for festivals, events or attractive forces in a touristry finish. Events or festivals besides can escalate tourers experience and possibly can do tourers remain longer therefore carry them to widen their vacations in peculiar touristry finishs ( Getz, 1 991 ) . Cultural events fundamentally are for spiritual, public events such as humanistic disciplines, public presentations, trades presentations, and many more ( Richards, 1996 ) .All the little towns are actively has cultural events for net income, or to hike the touristry industry ( Goldblatt, 2002 ) . Most of the tourers are attracted to alone cultural events and somehow they will take part when the event is held. Organizers would do the cultural events livelier to guarantee that the tourers meet their satisfaction during the festivals therefore to do certain that they gets more net income from the tourers. Why is it so because to increase the touristry industry and to advance our state to worldwide. 2.2 Statistics Rate Tourists Come to Penang Statisticss dramas of import function in numbering the figure of tourer s inbounds in Penang 2005 2009. How many tourers have been sing Penang? To cipher and find the existent statistics requires large costs of money to roll up informations, to analyse and to show it to the province authorities. The figure of tourers sing Penang announced by the Tourism Ministry is based on in-migration cards filled with their profiles at the by visitants and have to demo it at the port of entry. Tourists are freely to travel everyplace within the state unless visitants did bad errors. Harmonizing to Penang State Government, Penang has their ain statistics rate figure of international and local tourer s reachings in Penang in 2005 to process 2009. Within these 5 old ages, overall entire figure of tourers either locals or international is about 21, 881,848 people arrived in Penang.In 2005 the local tourers reaching is about 2,267532 people whereby the international tourers about about 2,084,377 people. Furthermore, the overall entire figure of tourers in 2006 is about 4,688,504 people which are in per centums 54 % of local tourers and 46 % of international visitants. Traveling on, the overall entire figure of tourer s reachings in Penang in 2007 has increasing compared to twelvemonth before which is 2006 which is 5,186,611 tourers. Among the 5 old ages between 2005- 2009, the highest sum of tourers reaching is in 2008 which is 6,307,468 visitants in per centums it would be 55 % for the locals and 45 % for the international tourers inbounds in Penang. Finally, in 200 9 the entire figure of tourers inbounds in Penang was aggressively dropped from 6,307,468 tourers in old twelvemonth whereby in 2009 the overall entire figure of tourers is 1,347,356 visitants reachings in Penang ( 2010 ) . As stated by the Tourism Minister, Datuk Seri Ng Yen Yen, tourer s reachings in 2009 has dropped from 6,307,468 to 1,347,356 tourers due to the Influenza a ( H1N1 ) panic. On the other manus, international tourers from Europe and United Kingdom remained the same. She stated that the tourers are safe as wellness governments helps to forestall the spread of the disease towards the tourers. On top of that, Datuk Ng.Yen Yen had a treatment with the managers of 44 Tourism Malaysia sing promotional programs to carry tourers to visits Malaysia because Malaysia is one of the states safe from Influenza H1N1 ( Bernama ) . As mentioned earlier, Malacca overtakes Penang as tourer s finish in 2009. Statisticss shows that tourer s reaching in Penang dropped from 6.3 million in 2008 to 1.3 million in 2009. Compared Penang to Malacca, Penang has a batch and good handiness and merchandises for illustration nutrients, beaches, civilizations, and many more. Datuk Seri Dr. Ng Yen Yen purely wants the province authorities to make something in order to increase more tourers in 2010. She suggested that Penang has a possible to go one of the state s prima tourers finish because Penang has 191 flights from 12 international air hoses winging in Penang. Besides that, she recommend that province authorities should set more inaugural in engaging well-trained tourers ushers which experts in the field of Penang history and heritage. These tour ushers, service counters, and eating house employees should cognize really good and are able to portion the history and narratives behind heritage edifices. In this manner, we can g ive the visitants particular services and do them fulfill during their visits to Penang ( Y.Y.Ng, Nov, 2010 ) . BILANGAN KETIBAAN PELANCONG ASING DAN TEMPATAN KE PULAU PINANG 2005 Macintosh 2009 NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL AND LOCAL TOURIST ARRIVALS, PENANG 2005 March 2009 TAHUN / Year PELANCONG / TOURIST JUMLAH KESELURUHAN Overall Sum TEMPATAN / LOCAL ASING / INTERNATIONAL JUMLAH Sum % JUMLAH Sum % 2005 2,267,532 52 2,084,377 48 4,351,909 2006 2,562,978 54 2,152,256 46 4,688,504 2007 2,787,260 53 2,399,351 47 5,186,611 2008 3,496,293 55 2,811,175 45 6,307,468 2009 763,022 56 584,334 44 1,347,356 Sumber / Source: Kementerian Pelancongan Malaysia / Ministry of Tourism, Malaysia. Figure 1.3 2.3 The Economic and Social cultural Impacts on Cultural Events in Penang Harmonizing to Gawler Visitor Information Centre, cultural events is one of the most exciting festival jubilations that can draw many tourers from every parts of the universe to do grosss in the economic system of touristry industry. On top of that, behind the important of cultural events, it has its economic and besides socio cultural impacts on cultural events in Penang. There are few factors will bespeak the economic and socio cultural impacts on cultural events in Penang. Economic impacts on cultural events in Penang As stated above, there are few factors that show the economic impacts on cultural events in Penang and it can be divided into negative and positive. Negative economic impacts on cultural events in Penang are the gross or loses generated by tourers as to the cost incurred by the province authorities to these events. Harmonizing to Priscilla, Penang touristry sector requires about RM 50 million for touristry in Penang. Based on 2008 statistics, there were 6.3 million tourers reachings in Penang and as what the Chief Minister said that RM 500,000 is non plenty for the touristry to carry on an activities and events particularly which is connected to the substructure, publicities, and besides bettering the installations ( 2010 ) . The RM 50 million are required in order to hold events, festivals, upgrading the quality of beaches and many more as now Penang is the 3rd highest part province in touristry sector. Harmonizing to Ministry of Tourism Malaysia, in 2009, the tourers reachings in P enang has dropped to 1.3 million due to the grippe H1N1 therefore there were loses generated by tourers as to the high sum of cost incurred by the province authorities to these touristry sector ( 2010 ) . The money that they use to upgrading the installations, publicities, events and festivals is non balance with how much money the tourers spend during their visits to Penang therefore it would be a lose for Penang. The positive economic system impacts on cultural impacts in Penang are can increase the touristry economic system and society development in Penang ( Jafari, 2000 ) . Positive impacts on cultural events in Penang would be the occupation chances in Penang. In 2008, hotels in Penang received about 6.3 million tourers which are locals and besides international compared to 2007 about 5.1 million tourers reachings in Penang. The statistics shows that there was somewhat addition of 1.2 million visitant s reachings which would bespeak that there are so many occupation chances o ut at that place for the people who truly need to work ( Administrator III, 2009 ) . This is say that they need more labours to work in such topographic points like hotels, eating houses, tour ushers, and many more. Traveling on, in 2010, Penang Tourism Minister mark 10 million tourers reachings in 2014. Indirectly says that they need more employment to work in this industry ( Administrator III, 2010 ) . Socio Cultural Impacts on Cultural Events in Penang In this portion of literature reappraisal, one of the socio cultural impacts on cultural events in Penang is diplomatic dealingss. Harmonizing to The Star Online, Penang Government and Russian Embassy are believing to form a Russian cultural event every twelvemonth in order to recollection of the Russian battlewagon ( Zhemchug ) near by Penang seashore during the World War. Vorobyeva Lyudmila Georgievna the new Russian embassador said that their crewmans we ve been buried in Western Cemetery on Jalan Utama in Penang Island and Pulau Jerejak. Besides that, she besides expresses her gratitude to Penang State because the aid to clean and continue those 12 crewmans that have been buried in Western Cemetery. Furthermore, she spoke to Datuk Seri Lim Guan Eng and said that it would be much better to form a Russian cultural event in Penang every twelvemonth. She suggests that the Russian cultural event would hold interesting Russian common people public presentations, classical, Russian musi c, and besides Russian nutrient every bit good. Thus, Malaysia can hold bond relationships Russian and with the Russian cultural event it would assist to promote more Russian tourers to come to Penang in the hereafter ( 2010 ) . Decision In decision, cultural events are one of the pull factors to convey in tourers from every parts of the universe regardless the international or the local tourers. To hold such cultural events or festivals can increase our economic system in touristry sector therefore Penang can be one of the provinces to be recognize internationally with the singularity and astonishing beaches, nice nutrients, great heritage and many more. The being of cultural events can besides advance and bond relationships between the locals and visitants by holding tonss of activities and cognize how to appreciate different civilizations, faith and race. Chapter 3 Research design and methodological analysis 3.1 Overview In Chapter 3, there will be 5 chief points to foreground in this sample proposal. In the first portion of this subject is the general thought on the research design and methodological analysis. Following, it is the amplification about the debut of the research proposal. Basically, it talks about the intent of making this subject and account about the cultural events that s being celebrated by all races in Penang. Traveling on, there will be a research design in this chapter 3 such as look intoing the population and the trying techniques that is traveling to use. After that, it will be account sing the processs of informations aggregation and information analysis which will be divided into 2 subdivisions which is primary informations and secondary informations. And in conclusion, there will be a short account about the questionnaires design. Reff Administrator III ( 2009 ) encouragement in Penang tourers reachings hypertext transfer protocol: //www.visitpenang.gov.my/portal3/penang-tourism-news/539-boost-in-penang-tourist-arrivals.html Administrator III ( 2010 ) Speech by The Rt Hon Mr Lim Guan Eng, Chief Minister of Penang- Launch of the Penang Investment Tourism Office ( PITO ) , Singapore hypertext transfer protocol: //www.visitpenang.gov.my/portal3/penang-tourism-news/1187-speech-by-the-rt-hon-mr-lim-guan-eng-chief-minister-of-penang-launch-of-the-penang-investment-tourism-office-pito-singapore.html PRISCILLA DIELENBERG ( 2010 ) CM: Penang needs RM50mil for touristry hypertext transfer protocol: //thestar.com.my/news/story.asp? sec=nation A ; file=/2010/4/18/nation/20100418170830 Ministry of touristry Malaysia ( 2010 ) NUMBER OF TOURIST ARRIVALS FROM TEN LEADING COUNTRIES TRANSITING THROUGH PENANG AIRPORT 2004 2008 hypertext transfer protocol: //www.penang.gov.my/index.php? ch=16 A ; pg=44 A ; lang=eng Jafari, J. ( 2000 ) . APEC international touristry symposium: the scientification of touristry. 65 Korea Tourism Policy, summer, Vol.2, No.3, 56-59. Capital of south korea: Korea touristry Research Institute ( KTRI ) . hypertext transfer protocol: //www2.uwstout.edu/content/lib/thesis/2002/2002kwonh.pdf Tourism facts sheet gawler visitant touristry Centre hypertext transfer protocol: //www.gawler.sa.gov.au/webdata/resources/files/5_Gawler_Impacts_Tourism.PDF The star online ( 2010 ) Annual Russian fest proposed hypertext transfer protocol: //thestar.my/metro/story.asp? file=/2010/11/6/north/7320843 A ; sec=north

Thursday, March 12, 2020

Free Essays on Beyond the Veil

â€Å"Beyond the Veil† As a result of the Islamic Revolution that took place seventeen years ago, a series of forces were unleashed which have transformed and reshaped the face of Iranian soci-ety in every aspect imaginable. These changes have rocked not only the political and economic spheres of Iran, but even more fundamentally, culture and society. These changes have negatively affected women’s social, political, and economic status in Iran. When the new government achieved power, women were once again subjugated and restricted to the confines of their homes. Not only did women have to wear their tent-like veils, the mentality that wives existed only to take care of their children and serve their husbands was encouraged by the government. This is very similar to gender roles. Gender roles are the rights, responsibilities, expectations, and relationships of women and men in a society. In every aspect of their lives, women were discriminated against. Women were seen as sexual objects, obsessed with luring men to fulfill their own sexual desires. The veil became a good way to cover up these â€Å"sexual† beings, so that men could be protected from falling prey to temptation. Their belief is that women enjoy wearing the veil and welcome the restrictive na-ture of Islamic rule because it provides security and structure for them. The hijab is seen as liberating because through it, women were no longer viewed by men as sexual beings but rather as equals. The reasoning behind this view was that since men were not tempted by a woman’s figure and shape, they could conduct themselves as equals. On its face, such an argument is clearly lacking any logic or common sense. Taking indices such as the position of women within marriage, the treatment of her sexu-ality, her position in the eyes of the law, employment, and education, one can easily con-clude that the majority of women are not equal and in fact, are discriminated ... Free Essays on Beyond the Veil Free Essays on Beyond the Veil â€Å"Beyond the Veil† As a result of the Islamic Revolution that took place seventeen years ago, a series of forces were unleashed which have transformed and reshaped the face of Iranian soci-ety in every aspect imaginable. These changes have rocked not only the political and economic spheres of Iran, but even more fundamentally, culture and society. These changes have negatively affected women’s social, political, and economic status in Iran. When the new government achieved power, women were once again subjugated and restricted to the confines of their homes. Not only did women have to wear their tent-like veils, the mentality that wives existed only to take care of their children and serve their husbands was encouraged by the government. This is very similar to gender roles. Gender roles are the rights, responsibilities, expectations, and relationships of women and men in a society. In every aspect of their lives, women were discriminated against. Women were seen as sexual objects, obsessed with luring men to fulfill their own sexual desires. The veil became a good way to cover up these â€Å"sexual† beings, so that men could be protected from falling prey to temptation. Their belief is that women enjoy wearing the veil and welcome the restrictive na-ture of Islamic rule because it provides security and structure for them. The hijab is seen as liberating because through it, women were no longer viewed by men as sexual beings but rather as equals. The reasoning behind this view was that since men were not tempted by a woman’s figure and shape, they could conduct themselves as equals. On its face, such an argument is clearly lacking any logic or common sense. Taking indices such as the position of women within marriage, the treatment of her sexu-ality, her position in the eyes of the law, employment, and education, one can easily con-clude that the majority of women are not equal and in fact, are discriminated ...

Monday, February 24, 2020

International Relations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 3

International Relations - Essay Example After the disintegration of the Soviet Union that led to the end of the Cold War, there was a general perception that the world had turned into a unipolar one on the political front, with America being the sole country that had the power to influence decisions by arm-twisting other countries into agreeing with it. However, while America and the Soviet Union were busy in propaganda and other activities of the Cold War, several countries which had been devastated by the Second World War or had acquired freedom from their colonial oppressors, were in the process of rebuilding their state. This has resulted in a situation where the world today has a number of important and powerful countries that have the military and economic might that enable them to be significant players in any process of decision-making in the world. The presence of various formations of countries such as SAARC, BRICS and others represent a shift from the political scene that was dominated by the NATO, which was dom inated by the USA. In the recent past, the summits that these formations conduct have attracted considerable attention from the world media that has recognized the shifts that the world has undergone, from bipolarity to unipolarity to the present situation which is of a multipolar world. This shift has also found expression in the increasing power that the G- 20 has acquired in determining the affairs of the world, as opposed to the earlier situation where the USA-dominated G-8 was more powerful in deciding on major issues that the international community was called on to look at. The growing power that has been exhibited by countries like China and India is also something that proves the multipolar nature of the world at this point of time. These two countries have both economic and military resources. China’s military might has been seen as a threat to the might of the USA. With huge populations, both these countries have armies that are large in number and with the steady improvement in the research capabilities of both these countries, the quality of their military is also not in question. Concerted and far-sighted plans that the governments of these countries had laid down for themselves have been rewarded with the military might that they enjoy today. Apart from this, both these countries also possess rates of economic growth that are staggering. China has maintained a rate of ten percent in its economic growth in the past decade, while India has been right behind them. In fact, China has overtaken Japan to become the second largest economy in the world. The social policies that these two countries have adopted are such that they would provide results only in the long run, since both of them have to deal with the difficulties of post-coloniality and damage to the local economy as a result of the Second World War. Another proof of the fact that we live in a multipolar world is the existence of the United Nations and its very structure, where the vo tes of a majority of the nations that are a part of it are required to push reforms through and take major decisions. The members of the permanent Security Council have the power to veto proposals that are brought to the notice of the Security Council. This creates a situation wherein a certain amount of power is invested in the hands of different powers of the world, thereby ensuring mutipolarity. The clamor that various countries such as Germany, South